Download PDFPDF
Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine: correlation with morphological and functional tests
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • A rapid response is a moderated but not peer reviewed online response to a published article in a BMJ journal; it will not receive a DOI and will not be indexed unless it is also republished as a Letter, Correspondence or as other content. Find out more about rapid responses.
  • We intend to post all responses which are approved by the Editor, within 14 days (BMJ Journals) or 24 hours (The BMJ), however timeframes cannot be guaranteed. Responses must comply with our requirements and should contribute substantially to the topic, but it is at our absolute discretion whether we publish a response, and we reserve the right to edit or remove responses before and after publication and also republish some or all in other BMJ publications, including third party local editions in other countries and languages
  • Our requirements are stated in our rapid response terms and conditions and must be read. These include ensuring that: i) you do not include any illustrative content including tables and graphs, ii) you do not include any information that includes specifics about any patients,iii) you do not include any original data, unless it has already been published in a peer reviewed journal and you have included a reference, iv) your response is lawful, not defamatory, original and accurate, v) you declare any competing interests, vi) you understand that your name and other personal details set out in our rapid response terms and conditions will be published with any responses we publish and vii) you understand that once a response is published, we may continue to publish your response and/or edit or remove it in the future.
  • By submitting this rapid response you are agreeing to our terms and conditions for rapid responses and understand that your personal data will be processed in accordance with those terms and our privacy notice.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

  • Published on:
    Comment on : Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine: correlation with morphological and functional tests
    • Gunjan Saluja, Ophthalmologist Bhatia advanced eye care centre, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh
    • Other Contributors:
      • Annu Sharma, Optometrist

    We read with great interest the article by Forte et al1, "Swept source optical Coherence tomography Angiography in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine: co-relation of the functional and morphological test." Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a widely used drug for the management of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Non-invasive tests like optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography-angiography, 10-2 visual fields and multifocal ERG (mf-ERG) help in the early detection of the toxicity.2 We would like to highlight here importance of adaptive optics, and various studies done for the early detection of HCQ toxicity. In the study by Forte et al, mf-ERG did not co-relate with the flow changes on OCT-A, however in another observation by Penrose et al (n=6) a depression of signals on multifocal ERG was found in the perifoveal region even when the patients had normal visual acuity and a normal fundus.3Costa et al found significant differences between the micro-perimetry in the patients taking hydroxychloroquine and controls.4 It will be interesting to know the authors take on this. Besides these, adaptive optics is emerging as an important tool to detect the early photo-receptor changes in patients with HCQ toxicity. Adaptive optics help in the direct visualization of the cone mosaic. Stepien et al in their observation on 4 patients observed that adaptive optics showed a loss of cone mosaic in the perifoveal region that corresponded with...

    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.