Download PDFPDF

Normal-tension glaucoma is associated with cognitive impairment
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • A rapid response is a moderated but not peer reviewed online response to a published article in a BMJ journal; it will not receive a DOI and will not be indexed unless it is also republished as a Letter, Correspondence or as other content. Find out more about rapid responses.
  • We intend to post all responses which are approved by the Editor, within 14 days (BMJ Journals) or 24 hours (The BMJ), however timeframes cannot be guaranteed. Responses must comply with our requirements and should contribute substantially to the topic, but it is at our absolute discretion whether we publish a response, and we reserve the right to edit or remove responses before and after publication and also republish some or all in other BMJ publications, including third party local editions in other countries and languages
  • Our requirements are stated in our rapid response terms and conditions and must be read. These include ensuring that: i) you do not include any illustrative content including tables and graphs, ii) you do not include any information that includes specifics about any patients,iii) you do not include any original data, unless it has already been published in a peer reviewed journal and you have included a reference, iv) your response is lawful, not defamatory, original and accurate, v) you declare any competing interests, vi) you understand that your name and other personal details set out in our rapid response terms and conditions will be published with any responses we publish and vii) you understand that once a response is published, we may continue to publish your response and/or edit or remove it in the future.
  • By submitting this rapid response you are agreeing to our terms and conditions for rapid responses and understand that your personal data will be processed in accordance with those terms and our privacy notice.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

Jump to comment:

  • Published on:
    Is impaired cerebrospinal fluid dynamics the link between dementia and normal-tension glaucoma ?
    • Hanspeter E Killer, Ophthalmologist Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel, Hebelstrasse 20, 4031 Basel, Switzerland, Switzerland
    • Other Contributors:
      • Achmed Pircher, Ophthalmologist

    We like to congratulate Mullany et al. for their paper on normal-tension glaucoma is associated with cognitive impairment.1 To link normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) to cognitive impairment and therefore to a neurodegenerative process opens a new vista and research approach for glaucoma research. NTG indeed is an intriguing optic neuropathy that presents with a glaucomatous optic disc appearance and visual field loss similar to that seen in primary open angle glaucoma. The main risk factor for glaucoma however, increased intraocular pressure is missing.

    Unlike other cranial nerves the optic nerve is a white matter tract of the brain, enveloped in the meninges (dura, arachnoid and pia mater) and surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on its entire length. And CSF indeed may be the link that connects the neurodegenerative process leading to cognitive impairment and the glaucomatous optic neuropathy in NTG. Recent research demonstrated a relationship between decreased CSF flow, measured in the ventricles and the spinal cord, and cognitive deficit in the elderly.2 In NTG, impaired CSF dynamics was demonstrated with computer assisted cisternography in the subarachnoid space of the intraorbital optic nerve most pronounced in the bulbar region behind the eye globe.3 In a recent publication we found an elevated L-PGDS concentration in the subarachnoid space of the optic nerve in NTG patients with optic nerve sheath compartment syndrome that results in a reduced CSF turnover.4...

    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.