Aims To evaluate whether baseline vessel density (VD) parameters derived from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is associated with the development of glaucomatous visual field (VF) defects in preperimetric glaucoma (PPG) patients.
Methods One eye from each of 200 consecutive PPG patients with a normal standard automated perimetry and OCT-A at baseline was retrospectively analysed. OCT-A was used to measure the circumpapillary VD (cpVD) and the parafoveal and perifoveal VD. The retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thicknesses were measured as reference standards. Two patient groups were stratified based on the development of repeatable glaucomatous VF loss. A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed to determine the predictive ability of OCT-A parameters for VF defects. The correlation between these baseline OCT-A parameters and the rate of global VF sensitivity loss (dB/year) was calculated using linear regression analysis.
Results During a 3.1-year average follow-up period, 18 eyes (9.0%) developed glaucomatous VF defects. At baseline, the lower inferior temporal cpVD (HR (95% CI)=0.934 (0.883 to 0.988); p=0.017) and thinner inferior RNFL (HR (95% CI)=0.895 (0.839 to 0.956); p=0.001) were predictive of glaucomatous VF loss. A lower inferior temporal cpVD and thinner RNFL at baseline were associated with faster rate of global VF sensitivity loss (β=0.015; p=0.001).
Conclusion In PPG eyes, a lower baseline inferior temporal cpVD is significantly associated with glaucomatous VF defect development and a faster rate of global VF loss.
- Field of vision
Data availability statement
Data are available on reasonable request.
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Contributors Conception and design: MSK. Acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data: JYL, JWS and MSK Drafting of the manuscript: JYL and MSK. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: all authors. Statistical analysis: JYL, AL, MSB and JWS. Supervision: MSK, guarantor: MSK.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.