Synopsis/precis We investigated the relationship between contrast sensitivity (CS) and vision-related quality of life (VR-QOL) in patients with central retinal vein occlusion following ranibizumab intravitreal injection; CS showed a stronger association with VR-QOL than visual acuity.
Background/aims To investigate the relationship between CS, VR-QOL and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in patients with cystoid macular oedema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO-CMO) following intravitreal injection of ranibizumab.
Methods This was a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, prospective study. The study included 23 patients with CRVO-CMO who were followed up for 12 months after treatment. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), letter contrast sensitivity (LCS) and OCT images were obtained every month. For VR-QOL assessment, the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) was administered to the patients before treatment and at 3, 6 and 12 months following treatment.
Results The LCS and VFQ-25 composite score improved significantly from baseline to 12 months following treatment. The multiple regression analysis revealed that the LCS of the affected eye and BCVA of the fellow eye were related to the VFQ-25 composite score following treatment. The LCS improvement showed a significant correlation with the improvement in the VFQ-25 composite score, whereas the BCVA improvement was not correlated with the improvement in the VFQ-25 composite score. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that, at the time of macular oedema resolution, the distance between the external limiting membrane and retinal pigment epithelium (ELM-RPE) and average ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness were associated with LCS.
Conclusion CS had a stronger association with VR-QOL than with BCVA in patients with CRVO-CMO. With the resolution of macular oedema, CS was associated with ELM-RPE thickness and average GCIPL thickness.
- treatment medical
Data availability statement
No data are available.
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Contributors TM: acquisition of data, analysis of data, interpretation of data, drafting article, final approval of article. FO: study design, interpretation of data, drafting article and final approval of article. YS, YO, TH and TO: study design, interpretation of data, critical revision of article and final approval of article. SM: acquisition of data, interpretation of data, critical revision of article and final approval of article.
Funding This study was supported by Novartis Pharma K.K., Tokyo, Japan (no award/grant number).
Disclaimer The sponsor had no role in the design or conduct of this research.
Competing interests Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.