Aims To determine the distribution of three different intraepithelial growth patterns (pagetoid, bowenoid and papillary) in eyelid sebaceous carcinoma (SC) and correlate them with the clinical characteristics and prognosis.
Methods A retrospective cohort study. The medical charts and pathological sections were retrospectively reviewed. All eligible patients were followed up for recurrence, metastasis and tumour-related mortality. The clinical significance of each intraepithelial growth pattern was determined by Cox regression.
Results Of the 214 patients, 67 (31%) presented with intraepithelial invasion, among them, 34 (16%) were pagetoid, 27 (13%) were bowenoid and 6 (2.8%) were papillary. Patients of pagetoid intraepithelial spread showed significantly longer diagnostic delay (p=0.001) and more initial misdiagnoses of blepharitis (p=0.035). After a median follow-up period of 34.0 months, 67 (46%) patients in the non-intraepithelial group, 17 (50%) in the pagetoid group, 8 (30%) in the bowenoid group and 2 (33%) in the papillary group recurred. And 30 (20%) patients in the non-intraepithelial group, 9 (27%) in the pagetoid group and 4 (15%) in the bowenoid group developed metastasis. Moreover, 15 (10%) patients in the non-intraepithelial group, 6 (18%) in the pagetoid group and 1 (3.7%) in the bowenoid group died of SC. Cox regression indicated that pagetoid intraepithelial growth pattern was remarkably associated with increased chances of tumour-related mortality (HR=2.95, 95% CI 1.14 to 7.64, p=0.026).
Conclusions Intraepithelial tumour invasion was presented in nearly one third of patients with eyelid SC. Pagetoid intraepithelial neoplasia, the predominant growth pattern, significantly increased the risk of tumour-related mortality. Meticulous histopathological intraepithelial examination is recommended for every patient of eyelid SC. Special attention should be paid to those with pagetoid invasion, who may require more intensive managements.
- eye lids
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. Our data are available upon reasonable request.
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