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Quantitative evaluation of retinal and choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow in patients with myopic anisometropia by CDI and OCTA


Aims To investigate the association between the myopic severity and retinal microvascular density, choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow in adult anisomyopes.

Methods This study comprised 90 eyes of 45 myopic anisomyopes who were recruited for Colour Doppler imaging (CDI) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). The superficial vessel density (SVD), deep vessel density (DVD), choroidal thickness (ChT) and choroidal vascularity, including total choroidal area (TCA), luminal area (LA), stromal area (SA) and Choroidal Vascularity Index (CVI), were measured using OCTA. Moreover, the Pulsatile Index, peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) of posterior ciliary artery (PCA), central retinal artery (CRA) and ophthalmic artery (OA) were quantified by CDI, and all parameters were compared between two eyes and the correlations among parameters were analysed.

Results The mean difference of spherical equivalent (SE) and axial lengths (AL) between eyes were −6.00±2.94 D and 2.48±1.31 mm, respectively. The SVD, DVD, ChT, TCA, LA, SA and CVI were significantly lower in more myopic eyes compared with the contralateral eyes. In more myopic eyes, CDI parameters of CRA and PSV and EDV of PCA were also significantly lower. After adjusting for age and sex, the binocular asymmetry in LA and ChT was independent risk factor affecting interocular difference in both AL and SE.

Conclusion Retinal microvascular density, choroidal vascularity and retrobulbar blood flow were simultaneously lower in adult myopic anisomyopes with more myopic eyes and disturbed choroid circulation was related to the severity of myopia. Further longitudinal study was helped to identify the effect of choroidal parameters for myopic progression.

  • Retina
  • Choroid
  • Imaging

Data availability statement

Data sharing not applicable as no datasets generated and/or analysed for this study.

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