Diplopia following retinal detachment usually responds to simple measures. Fifteen out of 311 cases developed diplopia lasting more than three months after conventional retinal detachment surgery. Binocular single vision was restored in 12 of the 15 cases (80%). The mean follow-up was four years. Diplopia was eliminated stepwise. If prisms were ineffective, our first surgical procedure was removal of the scleral buckle. If the retina was flat, we were prepared to remove the buckle early. When diplopia persisted after buckle removal, we proceeded to strabismus surgery. Our most consistent results followed strabismus surgery on the untreated eye. Prisms alone restored binocular single vision in six patients (40%), one of whom preferred to adopt a compensatory head posture. Removal of the scleral buckle restored binocular single vision in three patients (20%), with the help of a prism in one case and a compensatory head posture in another. Binocular single vision was restored after buckle removal and strabismus surgery in three further patients (20%), one requiring a prism in addition. Binocular single vision was not restored in three patients (20%).
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