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Retinal and choroidal vascular occlusion secondary to corticosteroid embolisation.
  1. W S Wilkinson,
  2. C M Morgan,
  3. E Baruh and
  4. K A Gitter
  1. Vitreoretinal Services, WK Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor.


    We report a case of visual loss following intranasal injection of triamcinolone acetonide and phenylephrine hydrochloride in a 22-year-old female with chronic sinusitis. Clinical examination and fluorescein angiography revealed vascular occlusions which involved multiple small branches of both the choroidal and retinal circulations. The mechanism of such a complication probably involves inadvertent intra-arterial injection into the anterior or the posterior ethmoidal artery, with retrograde flow into the opthalmic arterial system. Precautions can be taken to avoid such complications.

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