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Ocular manifestations of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy type I: long term follow up

Abstract

AIMS To obtain precise information on ocular manifestations of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) type I, the incidence of five main ocular manifestations—abnormal conjunctival vessels (ACV), keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), pupillary abnormality, vitreous opacity, and glaucoma, were compared through long term follow up.

METHODS Ocular examinations were performed in 37 FAP type I patients (Met30) from once to 12 times over a period of 1 to 12 years and 7 months.

RESULTS The following incidences were observed on initial examination of each patient with FAP: ACV in 75.5%, pupillary abnormalities in 43.2%, KCS in 40.5%, glaucoma in 5.4%, and vitreous opacity in 5.4%. All ocular manifestations increased with the progression of FAP, and the incidence of ACV reached 100% during follow up: this may be helpful in the diagnosis of FAP.

CONCLUSION Since no precise statistical ocular study on FAP with long term follow up has been performed, this report may provide important information to help elucidate the mechanism of the amyloid distributing process in the amyloid targeted organs of FAP and to provide the natural course of ocular manifestations of FAP.

  • amyloidosis
  • ocular manifestations
  • familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy
  • transthyretin.

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