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Comparison of decentration and tilt between one piece and three piece polymethyl methacrylate intraocular lenses
  1. Ken Hayashia,
  2. Hideyuki Hayashib,
  3. Fuminori Nakaoa,
  4. Fumihiko Hayashia
  1. aHayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan, bDepartment of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
  1. Ken Hayashi, MD, Hayashi Eye Hospital, 4-7-13 Hakataekimae, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka 812, Japan.


BACKGROUND The extent of the decentration and tilt was prospectively compared between one piece polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and three piece PMMA intraocular lenses (IOLs) which were implanted in the capsular bag after performing continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis.

METHODS 91 patients underwent a one piece PMMA IOL implantation in one eye as well as the implantation of the three piece PMMA IOL with polyvinylidene fluoride loops in the opposite eye. The length of the lens decentration and the angle of the tilt were quantitated using the anterior eye segment analysis system (EAS-1000) at 1 week as well as 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively.

RESULTS The mean length of the decentration in the one piece IOL was smaller than that in the three piece IOL at 1 week (p=0.0092), 1 month (p=0.0044), 3 months (p=0.0069), and 6 months (p=0.0010) postoperatively. However, no significant difference was found in the degree of the tilt between the two types of IOLs throughout the observation periods.

CONCLUSION These results clarified that the one piece PMMA IOL with rigid PMMA haptics implanted in the capsular bag provides a better centration than the three piece PMMA IOL with flexible haptics, whereas the tilt was the same between the two types of IOLs.

  • intraocular lens
  • decentration
  • tilt
  • continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis

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