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OCT imaging of choroidal neovascularisation and its role in the determination of patients’ eligibility for surgery
  1. A Giovannini,
  2. G P Amato,
  3. C Mariotti,
  4. B Scassellati-Sforzolini
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ancona, Italy
  1. A Giovannini, Clinica Oculistica dell’Università di Ancona, Nuovo Ospedale Regionale di Torrette, 60020 Ancona, Italy.


AIM To evaluate the optical coherence tomographic characteristics of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in age related macular degeneration (AMD) and in idiopathic and inflammatory CNV. The use of this technique in the selection of patients for surgery is discussed.

METHODS Ocular coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein, and indocyanine green angiography were performed in 23 patients affected by AMD complicated by well defined CNV and in 10 patients affected by inflammatory or idiopathic CNV. The neovascular membrane was surgically removed in five age related CNVs, two inflammatory choroidopathies, and two idiopathic CNVs.

RESULTS In inflammatory and idiopathic CNV, the OCT displayed a neovascularisation on the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). In three cases the CNV was excised with an improvement of visual acuity equal to or greater than two Snellen lines; in a fourth case, the visual acuity after surgery was unchanged. In the cases of AMD the OCT fell into three different patterns: (A) CNV above the RPE (five cases); (B) focal, irregular thickening of the retinal pigment epithelial band (12 cases); (C) CNV above and below the RPE (six cases). The five pattern A CNV patients underwent the surgical excision of the neovascularisation. In four cases the visual acuity improved by two or more Snellen lines; in the fifth case the visual acuity remained unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS The authors suggest that the surgical removal of early age related CNV could be performed in those cases where the OCT shows a neovascular membrane on the RPE, as in idiopathic and inflammatory CNVs.

  • age related macular degeneration
  • choroidal neovascularisation
  • optical coherence tomography
  • vitreoretinal surgery

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