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Editor,—Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and fistulas are rare in the orbit and generally have been associated with previous trauma. Of the 627 orbital tumours reported by Wright,1 only three were arteriovenous malformations. We report the clinical and pathological findings in a patient with an apparent spontaneous malformation.
A 74 year old white woman presented with a 2 month history of painless, progressive swelling of the right upper eyelid with no antecedent history of inflammation, trauma, or surgery. Ocular examination revealed visual acuity 20/30 in …
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