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Prevalence of retinopathy at diagnosis among type 2 diabetic patients attending a diabetic centre in south India
  1. Mohan Rema,
  2. Raj Deepa,
  3. Viswanathan Mohan
  1. Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, 35 Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai 600 086, India
  1. Dr M Remadrrema{at}


AIM To assess the prevalence of retinopathy in newly diagnosed south Indian type 2 diabetic patients attending a diabetic centre.

METHODS 448 consecutive newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients were recruited. Four field retinal colour photography was performed and graded using a modified form of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grading system.

RESULTS Of the 438 patients with assessable photographs, 32 (7.3%, 95% confidence interval 5.0 to 10.2) had retinopathy. None of the variables tested showed a significant association with retinopathy on univariate or multivariate logistic regression analysis.

CONCLUSION The overall prevalence of retinopathy at diagnosis among clinic based south Indian patients with type 2 diabetes appears to be lower than that reported among Europeans.

  • diabetic retinopathy
  • India
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