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The suitability of the ultrasound biomicroscope for establishing texture in giant cell arteritis
  1. Sigrid Roters,
  2. Peter Szurman,
  3. Bert F Engels,
  4. Richard Brunner
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany
  1. Dr S Roters, University of Cologne, Department of Ophthalmology, Joseph-Stelzmann-Strasse 9, D-50931 Cologne, Germanysigrid.roters{at}


AIM To establish whether ultrasound biomicroscope (UBM) is a helpful tool in locating the arterial segment responsible in patients with segmental attacks in giant cell arteritis

METHODS The superficial temporal arteries of 19 patients with suspected giant cell arteritis were examined with the UBM before biopsy.

RESULTS 20 specimens provided the histological proof of giant cell arteritis in five patients. Side differences, a dark perivascular halo, and high reflexivity of the intra-arterial space were found.

CONCLUSION it is assumed that there are two types of arteritic inflammation: (1) the occlusion of intra-arterial space due to intimal fibrosis (UBM: high reflexive “filling”), and (2) inflammation of the perivascular zone with oedematous thickening and infiltration of the media (UBM: dark halo) and its combination. UBM is helpful in obtaining an indication of the side and segment for biopsy.

  • giant cell arteritis
  • ultrasonography
  • ultrasound biomicroscopy
  • arterial biopsy

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