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Investigation of crystallin genes in familial cataract, and report of two disease associated mutations
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  1. K P Burdon1,
  2. M G Wirth2,
  3. D A Mackey3,
  4. I M Russell-Eggitt4,
  5. J E Craig3,5,
  6. J E Elder6,
  7. J L Dickinson1,
  8. M M Sale1,7
  1. 1Menzies Centre for Population Health Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Zürich, Switzerland
  3. 3Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
  4. 4Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK
  5. 5Department of Ophthalmology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
  6. 6Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
  7. 7Center for Human Genomics and Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Michèle M Sale Center for Human Genomics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem NC 27157, USA; msalewfubmc.edu

Abstract

Aims: Mutations of seven crystallin genes have been shown to cause familial cataract. The authors aimed to identify disease causing crystallin mutations in paediatric cataract families from south eastern Australia.

Methods: 38 families with autosomal dominant or recessive paediatric cataract were examined. Three large families were studied by linkage analysis. Candidate genes at regions providing significant LOD scores were sequenced. Single stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis was used to screen five crystallin genes in the probands, followed by direct sequencing of observed electrophoretic shifts. Mutations predicted to affect the coding sequence were subsequently investigated in the entire pedigree.

Results: A LOD score of 3.72 was obtained at the γ-crystallin locus in one pedigree. Sequencing revealed a P23T mutation of CRYGD, found to segregate with disease. A splice site mutation at the first base of intron 3 of the CRYBA1/A3 gene segregating with disease was identified by SSCP in another large family. Five polymorphisms were also detected.

Conclusions: Although mutations in the five crystallin genes comprehensively screened in this study account for 38% of paediatric cataract mutations in the literature, only two causative mutations were detected in 38 pedigrees, suggesting that crystallin mutations are a relatively rare cause of the cataract phenotype in this population.

  • cataract
  • lens
  • genetic
  • crystallin
  • paediatrics

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