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Ophthalmodynamometric determination of the central retinal vessel collapse pressure correlated with systemic blood pressure
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  1. J B Jonas
  1. Correspondence to: Dr J Jonas Universitäts-Augenklinik, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany; Jost.Jonasaugen.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate whether determination of the central retinal artery and vein collapse pressure correlate with systemic blood pressure measurements, using a new Goldmann contact lens associated ophthalmodynamometric device

Methods: The prospective clinical study included 92 eyes of 92 patients presenting with cataract or refractive problems (n = 40; control study group) or with retinal and orbital pathologies (n = 52). With topical anaesthesia, a Goldmann contact lens fitted with a pressure sensor in its holding ring was placed onto the cornea. Pressure was asserted onto the globe by pressing the contact lens, and the pressure value at the time when the central retinal artery and vein started pulsating were noted as central retinal artery and vein collapse pressure. Additionally, the brachial arterial blood pressure was measured.

Results: In the control study group, central retinal artery collapse pressure was highly significantly correlated with diastolic blood pressure (correlation coefficient r = 0.77; p<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (r = 0.35; p = 0.03). Central retinal vein collapse pressure was statistically independent of diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.11). In eyes with retinal or orbital diseases, the correlation coefficients were lower than in the control study group. In eyes with retinal arterial occlusions, central retinal vessel collapse pressure measurements were not correlated with arterial blood pressure measurements.

Conclusions: Depending on coexisting retinal or orbital diseases, ophthalmodynamometric estimation of the central retinal artery collapse pressure, performed during a routine Goldmann contact lens ophthalmoscopy, correlates with systemic blood pressure measurements.

  • ophthalmodynamometry
  • central retinal vessel pressure
  • arterial blood pressure
  • cerebrospinal fluid pressure
  • orbital tissue pressure
  • IOP, intraocular pressure
  • ophthalmodynamometry
  • central retinal vessel pressure
  • arterial blood pressure
  • cerebrospinal fluid pressure
  • orbital tissue pressure
  • IOP, intraocular pressure

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Footnotes

  • Proprietary interest: none.

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