Article Text

Download PDFPDF

PET/CT imaging: detection of choroidal melanoma
  1. S Reddy1,3,
  2. M Kurli1,2,
  3. L B Tena1,2,4,5,
  4. P T Finger1,2,3,4
  1. 1The New York Eye Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
  2. 2The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, NY, USA
  3. 3New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
  4. 4The Saint Vincent’s Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
  5. 5New York Medical College, New York, NY, USA
  1. Correspondence to: Paul T Finger MD, FACS, The New York Eye Cancer Center, 115 East 61st Street, New York City, NY 10021, USA; pfingereyecancer.com

Abstract

Aim: To determine the size of untreated choroidal melanomas resolved by whole body positron emission tomography fused with computed tomography (PET/CT).

Methods: 50 consecutive patients with untreated choroidal melanomas underwent whole body PET/CT. A functionally fused helical CT scan and 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) PET scans were employed. The tumours were identified (both quantitatively and qualitatively) and compared with clinical measurements derived from ophthalmoscopic, angiographic, and ultrasonographic imaging. Standardised uptake values (SUV) of more than 2.5 were considered positive.

Results: Among the 50 patients with choroidal melanoma, PET/CT scan SUVs of more than 2.5 were noted in 14 (28%) tumours. No AJCC T1 class tumours, 33.3% of T2 melanomas, and 75% of T3 melanomas were physiologically identifiable on PET/CT. With respect to COMS group classifications, no small choroidal tumours, 33% of medium, and 75% of large melanomas were physiologically identifiable. The sole ring melanoma was identifiable on PET/CT imaging. The smallest tumour physiologically identifiable by PET/CT had basal dimensions of 3×5.9 and an apical height of 2.9 mm.

Conclusion: Though PET/CT was found to be capable of physiologically identifying certain medium (T2) and most large sized (T3) choroidal melanomas, physiological imaging was not completely dependent upon tumour size. Functionally fused PET/CT localised the tumours within the eye and assessed their physiological activity.

  • AJCC, American Joint Cancer Committee
  • BGO, bismuth germanate
  • COMS, Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study
  • CT, computed tomography
  • FDG, 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • PET, positron emission tomography
  • SUV, standardised uptake values
  • PET
  • CT
  • choroidal
  • uveal
  • melanoma
  • size
  • imaging
  • AJCC, American Joint Cancer Committee
  • BGO, bismuth germanate
  • COMS, Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study
  • CT, computed tomography
  • FDG, 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • PET, positron emission tomography
  • SUV, standardised uptake values
  • PET
  • CT
  • choroidal
  • uveal
  • melanoma
  • size
  • imaging
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • This research was supported by The EyeCare Foundation, Inc, and Research to Prevent Blindness, New York, NY, USA

  • Competing interests: none declared

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.