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Hypertensive retinopathy revisited: some answers, more questions
  1. A Grosso1,
  2. F Veglio2,
  3. M Porta3,
  4. F M Grignolo1,
  5. T Y Wong4
  1. 1Department of Clinical Physiopathology, Ophthalmology Section Turin University, Italy
  2. 2Department of Medicine and Experimental Oncology, Turin University, Italy
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine, Turin University, Italy
  4. 4Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Australia, and Singapore Eye Research Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  1. Correspondence to: Andrea Grosso MD, Department of Clinical Physiopathology, Ophthalmology Section, Turin University, Via Juvarra, 19, 10122 Turin, Italy; 78andrea1tin.it

Abstract

Hypertension is associated with cardiovascular risk and systemic target organ damage. Retinopathy is considered one of the indicators of target organ damage. This review focuses on recent studies on hypertensive retinopathy and their implications for clinical care. Early recognition of hypertensive retinopathy signs remains an important step in the risk stratification of hypertensive patients.

  • ABPM, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • AION, anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy
  • AMD, age related maculopathy
  • AVR, arteriole to venule ratio
  • BP, blood pressure
  • CHD, coronary heart disease
  • CVD, cardiovascular disease
  • IMT, intima-media thickness
  • LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • RAO, retinal arterial occlusion
  • RVO, retinal vein occlusion
  • WCH, white coat hypertension
  • hypertensive retinopathy
  • hypertension
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular risk
  • ABPM, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • AION, anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy
  • AMD, age related maculopathy
  • AVR, arteriole to venule ratio
  • BP, blood pressure
  • CHD, coronary heart disease
  • CVD, cardiovascular disease
  • IMT, intima-media thickness
  • LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy
  • MRI, magnetic resonance imaging
  • RAO, retinal arterial occlusion
  • RVO, retinal vein occlusion
  • WCH, white coat hypertension
  • hypertensive retinopathy
  • hypertension
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular risk
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