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Visual functioning and quality of life in the SubFoveal Radiotherapy Study (SFRADS): SFRADS report 2
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  1. M R Stevenson1,
  2. P M Hart1,
  3. U Chakravarthy1,
  4. G MacKenzie2,
  5. A C Bird3,
  6. S L Owens3,
  7. I H Chisholm4,
  8. V Hall5,
  9. R F Houston6,
  10. D W McCulloch7,
  11. N Plowman8
  1. 1Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Queen’s University Belfast, UK
  2. 2Centre for statistics, Keele University, Keele, UK
  3. 3Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, UK
  4. 4Eye Unit, Southampton University Hospitals Trust, UK
  5. 5Wessex Radiotherapy Centre, Southampton, UK
  6. 6Northern Ireland Radiotherapy Centre, Belfast, UK
  7. 7Department of Economics and Politics, University of Ulster, Jordanstown, UK
  8. 8Department of Radiation Oncology, St Bartholomews Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to: Usha Chakravarthy Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Royal Hospitals, Belfast BT12 6BA, UK; u.Chakravarthyqub.ac.uk

Abstract

Aims: To determine whether or not self reported visual functioning and quality of life in patients with choroidal neovascularisation caused by age related macular degeneration (AMD) is better in those treated with 12 Gy external beam radiotherapy in comparison with untreated subjects.

Methods: A multicentre single masked randomised controlled trial of 12 Gy of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) delivered as 6×2 Gy fractions to the macula of an affected eye versus observation. Patients with AMD, aged 60 years or over, in three UK hospital units, who had subfoveal CNV and a visual acuity equal to or better than 6/60 (logMAR 1.0).

Methods: Data from 199 eligible participants who were randomly assigned to 12 Gy teletherapy or observation were available for analysis. Visual function assessment, ophthalmic examination, and fundus fluorescein angiography were undertaken at baseline and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after study entry. To assess patient centred outcomes, subjects were asked to complete the Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision (DLTV) and the SF-36 questionnaires at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months after enrolment to the study. Cross sectional and longitudinal analyses were conducted using arm of study as grouping variable. Regression analysis was employed to adjust for the effect of baseline co-variates on outcome at 12 months and 24 months.

Results: Both control and treated subjects had significant losses in visual functioning as seen by a progressive decline in mean scores in the four dimensions of the DLTV. There were no statistically significant differences between treatment and control subjects in any of dimensions of the DLTV at 12 months or 24 months after study entry. Regression analysis confirmed that treatment status had no effect on the change in DLTV dimensional scores.

Conclusions: The small benefits noted in clinical measures of vision in treated eyes did not translate into better self reported visual functioning in patients who received treatment when compared with the control arm. These findings have implications for the design of future clinical trials and studies.

  • AMD, age related macular degeneration
  • CS, contrast sensitivity
  • DLTV, Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision
  • DVA, distance visual acuity
  • EBRT, external beam radiation therapy
  • NVA, near visual acuity
  • SFRADS, SubFoveal Radiotherapy Study
  • quality of life
  • visual functioning
  • AMD, age related macular degeneration
  • CS, contrast sensitivity
  • DLTV, Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision
  • DVA, distance visual acuity
  • EBRT, external beam radiation therapy
  • NVA, near visual acuity
  • SFRADS, SubFoveal Radiotherapy Study
  • quality of life
  • visual functioning

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