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Progressive restrictive strabismus acquired in infancy
  1. C Souza-Dias1,
  2. A B Scott2,
  3. A-H Wang3
  1. 1Faculty of Medical Sciences, Santa Casa de Sao Paulo, Department of Ophthalmology, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  2. 2Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA
  3. 3National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
  1. Correspondence to: Carlos Souza-Dias MD, Rua Cincinato Braga, 59, cj 5 B2, 01333-011, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil;


The authors present three cases of severely restricted motility and large angle strabismus acquired rapidly during the first months of life in otherwise normal children who had normal eye alignment and movements at birth. Surgical treatment of these cases is difficult and outcomes are variable. Myositis causing extraocular muscles fibrosis is a possible cause of the strabismus in these cases.

  • restrictive strabismus
  • myositis

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  • Supported in part by Pacific Vision Foundation, San Francisco, CA, USA.