Aim: To compare and evaluate the transitions in retinal function after photodynamic therapy (PDT) between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using multifocal electroretinograms (mfERGs).
Methods: 10 eyes with choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) secondary to AMD and 11 eyes with CNV secondary to PCV were included in the study. mfERGs were recorded before PDT, and 1 week and 3 months after PDT. mfERG recordings were acquired by a Veris system (V.3.1.3) using a 103 hexagon stimulus. The first-order kernel was used to calculate amplitudes and latencies. Mean amplitudes and latencies from two central rings rated 0–4° of visual angle were analysed and compared with each disease.
Results: In AMD, the mean first negative peak (N1) amplitudes tended to decrease, and the mean first positive peak (N1P1) amplitudes reduced to significant levels (p = 0.047) 1 week after PDT. 3 months after PDT, there were no significant differences in the mean N1 and N1P1 amplitudes compared with pre-PDT values. In PCV, there were no significant changes in the mean N1 and N1P1 amplitudes 1 week after treatment. However, 3 months after PDT, mean amplitudes showed significant increases in N1 (p = 0.008) and N1P1 (p = 0.006) amplitudes compared with pre-PDT values.
Conclusions: mfERG recording transitions are different between patients with AMD and those with PCV. In patients with AMD, these results may show transient impairments in retinal function 1 week after PDT, but in those with PCV, the efficacy of PDT is superior to the impairment after PDT.
- AMD, age-related macular degeneration
- CNV, choroidal neovascularisation
- ICG, indocyanine green angiography
- mfERG, multifocal electroretinography
- PCV, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
- PDT, photodynamic therapy
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