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Performance of the 24-2-5 frequency doubling technology screening test: a prospective case study
  1. P G D Spry1,2,
  2. H M Hussin1,2,
  3. J M Sparrow1
  1. 1
    Bristol Eye Hospital, Bristol, UK
  2. 2
    University of Bristol, Division of Ophthalmology, Bristol, UK
  1. Dr Paul G D Spry, Bristol Eye Hospital, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS1 2LX; paul.spry{at}


Aim: To evaluate the performance of the frequency doubling technology (FDT) 24-2-5 screening test by comparison with the established N-30-5 FDT screening test for detection of glaucoma.

Method: A prospective random sample of individuals referred for possible glaucoma were tested with FDT screening tests 24-2-5 and N-30-5 using the Humphrey Matrix perimeter in addition to standard clinical examination relevant to glaucoma detection. Discriminatory power, reliability and test time of these tests were assessed and compared. The case definition for glaucoma was made by patient according to the established clinical diagnosis.

Results: Of 63 referred eligible individuals, 53 (84%) were recruited. Sensitivity and specificity for the N-30-5 screening test was 78 and 85% respectively, compared with 83% and 75% for the 24-2-5 with areas under a receiver operator characteristic curve being 0.87 and 0.92. Differences between these indices were not statistically significant. For a specificity of 95%, sensitivity values were 76% and 56% for the 24-2-5 and N-30-5 respectively. Mean (standard deviation) test duration for the FDT 24-2-5 and N-30-5 screening tests were 111 (13) and 39 (10) seconds respectively (p<0.001). A total of 19 subjects (36%) produced unreliable test results in one or both eyes when tested with the 24-2-5 screening test compared with 5 subjects (9%) with the N-30-5 (p<0.0005).

Conclusion: Minimal discriminatory power differences existed between the two screening tests evaluated, with both screening tests exhibiting high discriminatory power for detection of individuals with glaucoma. More individuals produced unreliable results on the 24-2-5 screening, which also took longer to perform.

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  • Competing interests: PGDS has received research funds from Welch-Allyn, Skaneateles, New York, USA. JMS and HMH have no competing interests.

  • Abbreviations:

    frequency doubling technology


    standard automated perimetry