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Contemporary medical terminology frequently stems from ancient Greek origins. However, there is some controversy relating to the true derivation of the word “glaucoma”. The disorder, now defined as glaucoma, was first documented by the Ancient Greeks in 400 BC.1 “Glaucosis” was first mentioned in Hippocratic writings as a blinding disease occurring most commonly in the elderly.2 The description stated “that once the pupil has the colour of the sea – eyesight is destroyed and you will often find that the other eye is also blind”. It is thought that this condition probably included various sight-threatening conditions including cataract and keratitis in addition to glaucoma. Opacification of the cornea or the lens …
Competing interests: None.