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Urrets-Zavalia syndrome as a complication of argon laser peripheral iridoplasty


Objective: To report on 8 patients who developed prolonged mydriasis after argon laser peripheral iridoplasty (ALPI).

Design: Retrospective case series.

Methods: A review of the charts of 8 patients with persistent occludable angles after laser iridotomy who developed mydriasis after undergoing ALPI.

Results: 12 eyes of 8 patients (mean age 50.2, standard deviation 6.9, range 40–61 years) developed persistent dilatation. 7 of 8 patients had plateau iris syndrome. Only one patient had a decrease in visual acuity. Intraocular pressure increased only in 1 eye and remained stable or decreased in the others. Of the 8 patients, 7 had blurred vision, 2 had photophobia, 4 had glare and 1 had discomfort. The pupillary response to pilocarpine instillation was minimal or absent. Mydriasis eventually resolved in all eyes without treatment.

Conclusion: ALPI can be complicated by mydriasis unresponsive to pilocarpine. Mydriasis and accompanying symptoms resolved spontaneously within 1 year in most patients.

  • ALPI, argon laser peripheral iridoplasty
  • IOP, intraocular pressure

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