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Early foveal recovery after macular hole surgery
  1. P W Hasler1,
  2. C Prünte2
  1. 1
    Department of Ophthalmology, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  2. 2
    Medical University Vienna, Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Vienna, Austria
  1. Professor C Prünte, Medical University Vienna, Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Waehringer Guertel 18–20, 1090 Vienna, Austria; christian.pruente{at}


Aims: To evaluate morphological and functional recovery after macular hole surgery using pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, air-tamponade and short-time limited face-down positioning.

Design: Retrospective, interventional, non-comparative consecutive case series.

Patients: Thirty eyes in 30 patients (30 eyes) with unilateral full-thickness macular hole (stage II–IV).

Intervention: All eyes underwent PPV, ILM peeling and fluid–air exchange followed by postoperative face-down positioning for 2 days.

Main outcome measures: Best corrected visual acuity, optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessment of macular integrity, and biomicroscopy at days 3 and 7, and months 1, 3, 6 and 12.

Results: On postoperative day 3, OCT demonstrated macular hole closure in 28 eyes (93%). One eye required vitrectomy 7 weeks after initial surgery due to retinal detachment.

Conclusions: In the present case series, PPV with Trypan Blue-assisted ILM peeling, short-acting internal tamponade and thus shorter face-down positioning was associated with a 93% macular hole closure rate.

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  • Competing interests: None.

  • Ethics approval: The study has been approved by the ethical committee.

  • Patient consent: All patients gave their written informed consent.

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