Aim: To investigate characteristics of initial immunological graft rejection after Descemet stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK).
Methods: The incidence, symptoms and clinical characteristics of initial immunological graft rejection episodes were analysed retrospectively in 598 eyes treated with primary DSEK at a single tertiary referral centre.
Results: Graft rejection episodes occurred in 54 eyes of 48 patients. Thirty-five per cent of the eyes were asymptomatic and were diagnosed during routine examination. Signs of immunological rejection at the initial diagnosis included keratic precipitates (69%), diffuse corneal oedema (11%) or both (20%); no endothelial rejection lines were observed. In contrast to standard full-thickness grafts, there were no epithelial immunological reactions because the epithelium and anterior stroma are not transplanted in DSEK. Most grafts cleared; four (7%) progressed to graft failure and were successfully regrafted with DSEK.
Conclusions: Immunological graft rejection is an important postoperative complication after DSEK. The range of clinical findings indicative of corneal graft rejection differs in some respects between DSEK and standard penetrating keratoplasty.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests: FWP receives travel grants from Moria (Antony, France) and is a consultant for Allergan (Irvine, California).
Ethics approval: Ethics approval was provided by IRB Company, Buena Park, California.
Patient consent: Obtained.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.