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Tobacco smoking influences on eye diseases and vision
  1. A Grzybowski1,2
  1. 1
    Department of Ophthalmology, City Hospital, Poznan, Poland
  2. 2
    Department of History of Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  1. Dr A Grzybowski, Department of Ophthalmology, Szwajcarska 6, 61-285 Poznan, Poland; grzyb{at}

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I read the article of Lois et al1 with great interest. I believe, however, that at least in some points it should be supplemented. My recent survey2 concerning a similar subject, which was limited to articles published in the last 2 years, revealed more aspects of the effects of tobacco smoking on the eye physiology and pathology than presented in the paper of Lois et al.


It has just been demonstrated that actively smoking at presentation was associated with a fourfold increased risk of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) versus never smoking.3 Former smoking also increased the risk …

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  • Competing interests: None.

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