Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pars plana vitrectomy (ppV) with subretinal coapplication of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) and bevacizumab, and fluid–gas exchange for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with submacular haemorrhage (SMH).
Methods: Consecutive interventional case series of 12 patients with neovascular AMD with SMH with a maximum history of 14 days. All patients underwent ppV with subretinal coapplication of rtPA and bevacizumab, and fluid–gas (20% SF6) exchange. Phakic patients underwent concomitant cataract surgery. Additional injections of bevacizumab were applied intravitreally 4 and 8 weeks postop.
Results: Complete displacement of SMH from the fovea was achieved in 9 of 12 patients. The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) improved significantly from preop logMAR 1.9 (range 3.0 to 0.7) to logMAR 1.2 (range 3.0 to 0.3) at 4 weeks postop (p = 0.01) and to logMAR 0.9 (range 1.6 to 0.2) at 12 weeks postop (p = 0.006). The mean improvement of BCVA 4 weeks postop as compared with preop was logMAR 0.7 (range −0.2 to 2.3). The mean improvement of BCVA 12 weeks postop as compared with preop was logMAR 0.96 (range −0.3 to 2.8). Overall, at 12 weeks postop, BCVA had improved in 10 patients, remained unchanged in one patient and worsened in one patient.
Conclusion: PpV with subretinal coapplication of rtPA and bevacizumab, and fluid–gas exchange effectively displaces SMH and improves visual acuity in most patients.
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by Faculty of Medicine, University of Kiel, Germany.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and Peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.