Aim The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between the clinical manifestation and the cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load in the aqueous humour of patients with CMV anterior uveitis.
Methods Seven patients with CMV-associated iridocyclitis and four patients with CMV-associated corneal endotheliitis were enrolled. Presence of CMV, but not other human herpes viruses, was confirmed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Viral load was measured using real-time PCR. Clinical manifestations were examined using a slit-lamp microscope and ophthalmoscope, applanation tonometer and specular microscope.
Results All 11 patients had unilateral recurrent anterior uveitis with high intraocular pressure and mutton fat keratic precipitates with pigmentation. Stromal oedema of the cornea was found in CMV-associated endotheliitis, but not in CMV-associated iridocyclitis patients. A significant corneal endothelium cell loss was recorded in all 11 patients with CMV-associated endotheliitis and iridocyclitis patients. High viral loads of CMV were detected in the aqueous humour of all 11 patients. A significant association was found between the corneal endothelial cell loss intensity and CMV viral load in the aqueous humour.
Conclusion There is a significant correlation between the CMV viral load and corneal endothelial cell loss in both CMV-associated iridocyclitis and corneal endotheliitis.
- Aqueous humour
- corneal endotheliitis
- inflammation iridocyclitis
- polymerase chain reaction
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Institutional Ethics Committee of Tokyo Medical and Dental University.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.