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Do reducing regimens of fluorometholone for paediatric ocular surface disease cause glaucoma?


Background/aims Although fluorometholone (FML) is considered a steroid of minimal ocular penetration, reports in children have shown dose-dependent intraocular pressure (IOP) rise. The authors aimed to assess whether reducing regimens of FML for paediatric ocular surface disease have sustained clinically significant ocular hypertensive effects.

Methods Retrospective case-note review. Glaucoma was defined as an IOP of ≥21 mm Hg on at least two occasions or, in young children, moderate/firm digital IOP with one of the following: myopic shift, increased cup:disc ratio or corneal oedema. Exclusion criteria were other concurrent steroids or pre-existing optic nerve disease.

Results 107 cases were included. The median age was 6 years (range 3 months to 17 years). The commonest indication for FML was blepharo-kerato-conjunctivitis. The maximal frequency prescribed was four times a day, gradually reduced to once weekly in cases of long-term treatment. The mean total number of eye-drop applications was 228 over a mean time span of 9 months. Post-FML IOP was formally documented in 51/107 casenotes (median age 6.85 years, range 4 months to 16 years) and it was <19 mm Hg in all cases. 56 cases did not allow IOP measurement (median age 5.9 years, range 3 months to 17 years), but none met the glaucoma definition.

Conclusions In this cohort, reducing regimens of FML proved to be a safe anti-inflammatory treatment in terms of avoiding steroid-induced glaucoma.

  • Fluorometholone
  • intraocular pressure
  • glaucoma
  • children
  • ocular surface
  • treatment medical
  • ocular surface
  • intraocular pressure
  • treatment medical

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