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One basic rule of nature that applies to the majority of animals on this planet is ‘Eat and be eaten.’ Consequently, through evolution, both predator and prey have developed a range of measures and countermeasures to capture prey or ward of predators. The eyes play a key role in this game. Many creatures have false eyes or ‘eye spots’ placed strategically, usually at the back of their head or tail end of their body serving to deter, protect or afford camouflage against potential attack. Nature has programmed most predators to …
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