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Evaluation of a new method for the measurement of corneal thickness in eye bank posterior corneal lenticules using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

Background/aims To preliminarily evaluate the repeatability of central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements performed with Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) on eye bank posterior corneal lenticules.

Methods Six donor lenticules were created with a 350 μm head microkeratome (Moria, Antony, France). All donor tissues were stored at 4°C in Eusol-C solution (Alchimia S.r.l, Ponte S. Nicolò, Italy), without the anterior cornea lamella. The CCT of each lenticule, maintained in the glass phial, was measured using a commercial AS-OCT instrument (Visante, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA) and a specially designed adaptor immediately and 4, 24 and 48 hours after dissection. Immediately after AS-OCT, CCT values were measured with the ultrasound pachymetry method used at the Eye Bank.

Results The mean donor cornea central thickness was 647±36 μm and 660±38 μm (p=0.001) as measured by AS-OCT and ultrasound, respectively; immediately after dissection, CCT values of posterior lenticules were 235±43 μm and 248±44 μm, respectively (p=0.001). No statistically significant changes in CCT values of donor lenticules were assessed over the 48 h period with both methods. There was a high level of agreement, evidenced by Bland–Altman analysis, between the two methods of pachymetry.

Conclusion AS-OCT, with the corneal tissue in the vial, was revealed to be a repeatable and reliable method for measuring posterior donor lenticule central thickness. Lenticule CCT values measured with the investigational AS-OCT method were on average 10 μm thinner than those measured with the established ultrasound method.

  • eye bank
  • precut tissue
  • AS-OCT
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