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Temporal interactive response is resistant to cloudy ocular media in the slow double-stimulation multifocal electroretinogram
  1. Wing-Cheung Ho1,
  2. Patrick H W Chu1,
  3. Yiu-Fai Ng1,
  4. Patrick P C Tong2,
  5. Victor C P Woo2,
  6. Henry H L Chan1
  1. 1Laboratory of Experimental Optometry (Neuroscience), School of Optometry, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China
  2. 2The Hong Kong Ophthalmic Associates, Hong Kong SAR, China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Henry Chan, School of Optometry, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China; henryhl.chan{at}


Aim To examine the influence of cloudy media on the slow double-stimulation multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG).

Methods Slow double-stimulation mfERG responses were measured from 26 subjects with normal ocular health under normal and light scattering conditions (induced using acrylic sheets) (Experiment 1) and another nine cataract patients before and after cataract surgery (Experiment 2). The amplitudes and implicit times of the first (M1) and second (M2) stimulation were compared under normal and light scattering conditions in Experiment 1 and they were compared under precataract and postcataract surgery in Experiment 2.

Results Compared with control conditions (normal and postcataract surgery), the M1 amplitude in the central region was significantly reduced in light scattering conditions (acrylic sheets and precataract surgery); the M2 amplitude and both M1 and M2 implicit times of all regions examined were moderately affected in precataract surgery. The M1:M2 amplitude ratio and implicit time ratio were virtually unaffected in cloudy media for either central or mid-peripheral regions.

Conclusion Cloudy media affects the mfERG amplitude and implicit time in the slow double-stimulation, but does not affect the response ratio (ie, M1:M2 amplitude ratio and implicit time ratio) between the two stimulations. This suggests that the ratio analysis can be applied in patients with mild to moderately cloudy ocular media to evaluate the functional integrity of the retina.

  • Cataract
  • light scattering
  • retina
  • double-flash
  • multifocal electroretinogram
  • electrophysiology
  • psychophysics
  • vision

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  • Funding This work was supported by The Research Grants Committee of the Hong Kong SAR: Competitive Earmark Research Grant (PolyU 5415/06M); The Hong Kong Polytechnic University: the Niche Areas—Myopia Research (J-BB7P) and Glaucoma Research (J-BB76), and Internal Research Grants (GU858, GU585).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the Human Ethics Committee of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.