Background/aims Allergic conjunctivitis is characterised by early-phase clinical symptoms and late-phase inflammation in the conjunctiva. The role of different chemokine receptors in allergic conjunctivitis, especially during the early-phase reaction, is still unclear. We investigated the importance of CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 3 in a murine model of IgE-mediated allergic conjunctivitis using CCR3-deficient (CCR3−/−) mice.
Methods Allergic conjunctivitis was initiated in wild-type (WT) and CCR3−/− mice by passive transfer of ragweed (RW)-specific IgE, followed by topical challenge with RW in eye drops. Early-phase reactions including clinical symptoms and vascular leakage, as well as late-phase eosinophil infiltration of the conjunctiva were evaluated. The expression of mRNAs in the conjunctiva was quantified by real-time PCR analysis.
Results The number of infiltrated eosinophils in the conjunctiva following RW challenge, was significantly higher in RW-IgE-sensitised WT mice compared with those sensitised with phosphate-buffered saline for WT, but this was not observed in similarly treated CCR3−/− mice. The early-phase clinical symptoms and vascular leakage were also suppressed in CCR3−/− mice. The number of conjunctival mast cells were not different between CCR3−/− mice and WT mice, and the mRNAs for FcɛRІα and the connective tissue-type mast cell proteases were detected in the conjunctiva of both WT and CCR3−/− mice. RW-IgE-sensitised CCR3−/− mice displayed significantly reduced expression of CCL2, CCL3, and IL-6 compared with WT mice.
Conclusions These results demonstrate a direct contribution of CCR3 to both the early-phase reaction and late-phase inflammation during ocular allergy.
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- mast cell
- chemokine receptor
- experimental and animal models
- experimental and laboratory
- eye lids
- ocular surface
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The present data have not been presented previously.
Funding This work was supported by NIH grant number R01-EY1901 (SO).
Competing interests None.
Patient consent It is an animal experiment.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.