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Hand-held high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography in retinoblastoma: clinical and morphologic considerations


Purpose Hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography (HHSD OCT) has greatly expanded the imaging/diagnostic capacity for clinicians managing children with intraocular retinoblastoma. We present our early experience with HHSD OCT and conventional spectral domain OCT imaging in these patients.

Methods In this retrospective cross-sectional observational study, infants were imaged during examination under anaesthesia with HHSD OCT in the supine position. Older cooperative retinoblastoma patients were additionally imaged with upright conventional OCT. Clinical data were derived from patient charts and from a prospectively maintained interinstitutional retinoblastoma database. Complementary imaging techniques, including RetCam™, fluorescein angiography and B-scan ultrasound, were assessed.

Results Twenty-two intraocular lesions in 16 patients were imaged. HHSD OCT was used exclusively in 19 lesions, while conventional OCT was also performed in three cases. Small lesions were imaged in five cases, all of which were localised to the middle retinal layers. Clinical uses for HHSD OCT imaging identified included: diagnosis of new lesions, monitoring response to laser therapy and the identification of edge recurrences.

Conclusions Although indirect ophthalmoscopy remains the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment of retinoblastoma, HHSD OCT is a valuable tool in better understanding and managing retinoblastoma.

  • Child health (paediatrics)
  • Diagnostic tests/Investigation
  • Neoplasia
  • Retina

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