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Evaluation of iris and iridociliary body lesions with anterior segment optical coherence tomography versus ultrasound B-scan
  1. Scott C Hau1,
  2. Vasilios Papastefanou1,2,
  3. Shima Shah1,
  4. Mandeep S Sagoo1,2,3,
  5. Marie Restori1,
  6. Victoria Cohen1,2
  1. 1NIHR Biomedical Research Centre in Ophthalmology Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  2. 2Ocular Oncology Service, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK
  3. 3UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Scott C Hau, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 162 City Road, London EC1V 2PD, UK; scott.hau{at}moorfields.nhs.uk

Abstract

Aims To compare anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) with ultrasound B-scan (USB) in evaluating iris and iridociliary body lesions.

Methods Image features and resolution comparison between AS-OCT and USB in 126 patients (126 eyes) presenting with iris or iridociliary body lesion. Bland–Altman plots were generated to assess the level of agreement between the two techniques.

Results The three most common diagnoses were iris naevi (62 (49.2%)), iris pigment epithelial cysts (23 (18.3%)) and iris melanoma (11 (8.7%)). Image feature comparison for USB was better than AS-OCT in visualising all tumour margins (81 (64.3%) vs 59 (46.8%)), posterior tumour margin (54 (42.9%) vs 16 (12.7%)) and producing less posterior shadowing (121 (96%) vs 43 (34.1%)). Image resolution comparison revealed USB to be slightly better for resolving the overall tumour (45 (35.7%) vs 43 (34.1%)) and posterior tumour surface (70 (55.6%) vs 32 (25.4%)) but AS-OCT was better for resolving the anterior (62 (49.2%) vs 4 (3.2%)) and lateral tumour surface (62 (49.2%) vs 31 (24.6%)). Comparing the three most common diagnoses, USB was better for visualising iris pigment epithelial cysts (12 (52.2%) vs 2 (8.7%)) and iris melanoma (7 (63.6%) vs 1 (9.1%)) but AS-OCT was better (28 (45.2%) vs 15 (24.2%)) for visualising iris naevi. Bland–Altman plots showed good agreement between the two techniques for lesions smaller than 3 mm in base and 2 mm in elevation.

Conclusions AS-OCT is superior to USB for imaging small lesions pertaining to the anterior iris but USB is better for imaging larger iris lesions with posterior or ciliary body extension.

  • Imaging
  • Neoplasia
  • Diagnostic Tests/Investigation
  • Iris

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

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