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Prevalence of guttae in the graft following corneal transplantation
  1. Yoav Nahum1,2,3,4,
  2. Veronica Canton1,2,5,
  3. Diego Ponzin6,
  4. Massimo Busin1,2
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, “Villa Igea” Hospital, Forlì, Italy
  2. 2Istituto internazionale per la Ricerca e Formazione in Oftalmologia (IRFO), Forlì, Italy
  3. 3Department of Ophthalmology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
  4. 4Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
  5. 5Ophthalmological Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Ca’ Granda Foundation-Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  6. 6Fondazione Banca degli Occhi del Veneto, Venice, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Massimo Busin, Department of Ophthalmology, “Villa Igea” Hospital, Viale Gramsci 42, Forlì 47122, Italy; mbusin{at}


Aim To evaluate the prevalence of guttae in donor grafts following corneal transplantation and to examine the possible effect of guttae on postoperative results.

Methods Retrospective cohort study. We reviewed the medical records of all keratoplasties performed at the Villa Serena-Villa Igea private hospitals (Forlì, Italy) between January 2005 and July 2014. Endothelial specular microscopy images were examined to identify the presence of guttae. Donor's age, patient's age, indication for surgery, surgical procedure, postoperative visual acuity, and endothelial cell density were also noted.

Results A total of 11 068 postoperative specular microscopy pictures were available for 1116 of 2332 eyes (47.9%) that underwent keratoplasty at our institution. Guttae were identified in 42 of 946 eyes (4.44%) following penetrating or endothelial keratoplasty, and in 3 of 170 eyes (1.76%) following anterior lamellar keratoplasty. Twenty-seven of these photos demonstrated a few isolated scattered guttae, nine showed widespread guttae with small patches, and nine demonstrated large patches of guttae. Last documented best spectacle-corrected visual acuity did not differ between patients with or without guttae (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) 0.22±0.24 (approximately 20/32) vs 0.29±0.45 (approximately 20/40), p=0.25) nor did the groups differ in their 24-month postoperative endothelial cell density (1633±427 vs 1555±454 cells/mm2, p=0.56). No graft with postoperative guttae failed during the follow-up period of this study.

Conclusions Guttae can be found in approximately 4% of post-keratoplasty grafts. At least for the initial two postoperative years, they do not negatively affect vision, endothelial cell density or graft survival.

  • Cornea

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