Article Text

Download PDFPDF
The Boston Keratoprosthesis type 1 as primary penetrating corneal procedure


Background/aims Penetrating keratoplasty (PK) has a poor prognosis in certain corneal eye diseases. The safety and efficacy of Boston type 1 Keratoprosthesis (KPro) surgery as a primary penetrating corneal surgery were evaluated for patients with corneal blindness and poor prognosis for PK.

Methods In this retrospective interventional comparative study, all patients who underwent KPro implantation by a single surgeon between October 2008 and March 2011 at the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal were divided into two groups. Thirty patients with KPro as a primary procedure (group 1) were compared with 40 patients who had PK prior to KPro (group 2). A chart review examining preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraoperative and postoperative complications and KPro retention rate over the first postoperative year was performed.

Results Preoperative BCVA was 20/200 or better in 10% of eyes in group 1 (range 20/150 light perception (LP)), and in 5% of eyes in group 2 (range 20/100 LP; p=0.42). BCVA was significantly better in group 1 throughout the follow-up (p<0.05). At 12 months, 87% and 63% of eyes achieved a BCVA better than 20/200 in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p<0.05). The complication rates and retention rate were similar in the two groups.

Conclusions This study demonstrates that the Boston KPro implantation may be successful as a primary procedure in patients at high risk of failure with traditional PK. Further, there appears to be a visual benefit to primary KPro surgery.

  • Cornea
  • Treatment Surgery
  • Anterior chamber
  • Prosthesis

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles

  • At a glance
    Keith Barton James Chodosh Jost Jonas