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The Stress on the Anterior Lens Surface During Human in vivo Accommodation
  1. Ronald A Schachar (ron{at},
  2. Annemari Koivula (annemari.koivula{at}
  1. University of Texas at Arlington, United States
  2. St Erik's Eye Hospital and Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Sweden


    Purpose: To determine the qualitative change in stress on the lens capsule during in vivo human accommodation.

    Methods: Nine subjects [mean age: 30 years, range: 25-38 years] were studied, each of whom had undergone a phakic refractive intraocular lens (PRL) surgical procedure. The change, during accommodation, of stress on the surface of the anterior lens capsule (ALS) was determined by employing high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT). This was done by comparing the ratio of the intensity of the image from the anterior surface of the natural lens (ALS) to the images of the anterior corneal surface (ACS), posterior corneal surface (PCS), and the posterior surface of the phakic refractive intraocular lens (PPRLS) before and during accommodation.

    Results: The intensities of the OCT images of the ACS and PPRLS did not significantly change during accommodation when compared to their respective baselines, while the intensity ratios: ALS/ACS, ALS/PCS and ALS/PPRLS all significantly increased during accommodation, p < 0.01.

    Conclusions: The stress on the anterior lens capsule is increased during in vivo human accommodation. This observation is consistent with a mechanism of accommodation in which zonular tension increases with accommodation, which is opposite to the predictions of the Helmholtz theory.

    • accommodation
    • human crystalline lens
    • lens capsule
    • optical coherence tomography
    • stress

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