Background: Equity of access to eye care in childhood remains poorly researched and most studies report data on utilization without any objective measure of clinical need.
Participants/Method: 8271 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children (ALSPAC), a longitudinal birth cohort who were seen at age 7, when they underwent a comprehensive eye examination and details of family history of eye conditions, vision problems and contact with eye care services were obtained.
Results: 2931 (35.4%) children had been in contact with an eye care specialist and 1452 (17.6%) had received vision screening. Compared to social class I, the prevalence of eye disease was higher in the lower groups (social class IIIM, IV, V) (odds ratio 1.69, 95% CI 1.15-2.46). However, children from lower socioeconomic status groups were less likely to see an eye care specialist (odds ratio 0.83, 95% CI 0.70-1.00) or to use screening services (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.43-0.98).
Discussion/Conclusion: The differences in the trends between socioeconomic groups in eye conditions and utilization of services suggest inequitable access to services. Our data highlight the limitations of community-based pre-school vision screening, which fails to abolish this inequity. It is important that future research explores the reasons behind these patterns. Compulsory school-entry vision screening, as recommended by the National Screening Committee and the Hall Report may redress this differential uptake of services.
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