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Trends in rates of retinal surgery in England from 1968 to 2004: studies of hospital statistics
  1. Ahmed N El-Amir1,
  2. Tiarnan D.L. Keenan2,
  3. Mohammed Abu-Bakra3,
  4. Vaughan Tanner4,
  5. David Yeates5,
  6. Michael J Goldacre5
  1. 1 Royal Berkshire NHS Trust, Prince Charles Eye Unit and Oxford Eye Hospital, United Kingdom;
  2. 2 Oxford Eye Hospital, United Kingdom;
  3. 3 Royal Berkshire NHS Trust, United Kingdom;
  4. 4 Royal Berkshire NHS Trust and Prince Charles Eye Unit, United Kingdom;
  5. 5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  1. * Corresponding author; email: ahmedlamir{at}


Aim: To describe trends over time and geographical variation in rates of vitreo-retinal surgery in England from 1968-2004.

Methods: Routinely collected hospital statistics were analysed for England, using the Hospital In-patient Enquiry and Hospital Episode Statistics from 1968-2004, and for the Oxford National Health Service Region using the Oxford Record Linkage Study from 1963-2004.

Results: Annual English admission rates for surgery were around 5 episodes per 100 000 population in the 1960s, rising gradually to about 10 per 100 000 in the early 1990s, and then more sharply to 30 by 2004. The ORLS shows that multiple admissions per person were rare, which confirms that the observed increase represents a real increase in the number of people treated. Annual English rates for buckle procedures declined to around 6 episodes per 100 000 population in 2004 whereas vitrectomy surgery rose to around 26 in 2004.

Conclusion: Vitreo-retinal surgery has developed over the last 40 years in England, rapidly so over the past 15. Vitrectomy surgery has become much more common in England and buckle surgery has shown a steady decline. We demonstrate statistically significant geographical variation in the annual rate of surgery, currently, between local authorities in England.

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