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Detecting glaucomatous progression using GDx with variable and enhanced corneal compensation using Guided Progression Analysis
  1. Dilraj S Grewal,
  2. Mitra Sehi,
  3. David S Greenfield
  1. Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mitra Sehi, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 7101 Fairway Drive, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33418, USA; msehi{at}


Objective To compare detection of glaucoma progression with scanning laser polarimetry using two methods for corneal compensation.

Methods Normal, glaucoma suspects and glaucoma patients with 36 months' follow-up meeting the eligibility criteria were prospectively enrolled. All subjects underwent complete eye exam, standard automated perimetry (SAP) and scanning laser polarimetry with variable and enhanced corneal compensation (GDxVCC, GDxECC). SAP progression was determined using the visual-field index (VFI). GDx progression was determined using Guided Progression Analysis software (GDxGPA) and was defined as a repeatable change on two consecutive scans compared with two baseline images using any of three strategies: ≥150 contiguous pixels on the image progression map (A), four or more adjacent segments on the Temporal Superior Nasal Inferior Temporal graph (B) or a significant change in slope of the summary parameter chart (C). Kappa statistics and logistic regression were used for the analysis.

Results Thirteen normal, 30 glaucoma suspect and 25 glaucomatous eyes participating in the Advanced Imaging in Glaucoma Study were included. Progression was identified in six eyes (8.8%) using GDxVCC and in eight eyes (11.8%) using GDxECC. SAP progression was detected in seven (10.3%) eyes. Agreement among progression methods using GDxVCC and GDxECC was strongest for method C (kappa=0.57, p=0.002) compared with methods A (kappa=0.41, p=0.01) and B (kappa=0.41, p=0.01). The association between typical scan score (TSS) and overall or individual methods of progression was not significant using VCC or ECC (p>0.05).

Conclusions GDxGPA represents a novel approach for detection of glaucomatous progression. GDxVCC and GDxECC demonstrate moderate agreement.

  • Glaucoma
  • nerve fibre layer
  • typical scan score
  • scanning laser polarimetry
  • enhanced corneal compensation
  • guided progression analysis
  • optic nerve
  • imaging

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  • Presented in part at the annual meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 4 May 2009.

  • Funding NIH Grants RO1-EY013516, Bethesda, Maryland, an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness P30-EY14801, New York.

  • Competing interests DSG has received research support from Carl Zeiss Meditec.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the Institutional Review Board for Human Research at the University of Miami.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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