Background Different glial-autoantibodies-related paediatric optic neuritis (ON) are associated with different clinical characteristics and prognosis that require different treatments. Because glial autoantibody detection is not available in some parts of the world and there is often a delay in obtaining results, clinical factors that can be used to predict the subtype of paediatric ON are needed.
Methods This was a single-centre retrospective cohort study. Children who presented with their first ON attack and with complete clinical data were included in the analysis. Single and multiple parameters for predicting paediatric myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein immunoglobin-associated ON (MOG-ON) and aquaporin-4 immunoglobin-related ON (AQP4-ON) were calculated.
Results 78 paediatric patients had their first ON attack from January 2016 to December 2019, of whom 69 were included in the final analysis, including 33 MOG-ON cases, 17 AQP4-ON cases and 19 Seronegative-ON cases. For predicting paediatric MOG-ON, the most sensitive predictors were ‘male or optic disc swelling (ODS) or bilateral’ (sensitivity 0.97 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.00)) and ‘follow-up visual acuity (VA) ≤0.1 logMAR or ODS’ (sensitivity 0.97 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.00)), and the most specific factor was ‘Age ≤11 y and simultaneous CNS involvement’ (specificity 0.97 (95% CI 0.84 to 1.00)). For predicting paediatric AQP4-ON, the most sensitive predictor was ‘Female or without ODS’ (sensitivity 1.00 (95% CI 0.77 to 1.00)), and the most specific factors were Neurological history (sensitivity 0.94 (95% CI 0.83 to 0.98)) and follow-up VA >1.0 logMAR (sensitivity 0.96 (95% CI 0.86 to 0.99)).
Conclusion According to our data from a Chinese paediatric cohort, using multiple parameters increases the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosing paediatric MOG-ON and AQP4-ON. These can assist clinicians in diagnosing and treating paediatric ON when glial autoantibody status is not available.
- Child health (paediatrics)
- Optic Nerve
- Diagnostic tests/Investigation
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MY, YW and ML are contributed equally.
Contributors MY, YW and ML are co-first authors and contributed equally. The study was designed and conducted by MY, HS, SW and WW. Collection of the data was performed by ML. Analysis, management and interpretation of the data was performed by YW. The manuscript was prepared by MY, YW and ML. Critical revision of the manuscript was performed by HL, LX, MS, HZ and QX.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Ethics approval The institutional review board at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.
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