Purpose To assess the relationship of demographics, clinical characteristics and structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings to disease recurrence in a cohort of patients with newly diagnosed myopic choroidal neovascularisation (CNV)
Methods In this retrospective, longitudinal study, a total of 64 participants (64 eyes) with successfully treated myopic CNV had obtained resolution of exudation after treatment (study baseline) and with 3 years of regular follow-ups. Several baseline OCT qualitative features and quantitative measurements were assessed at baseline and included in the analysis. Main outcome measures included incidence of disease recurrence and HR for demographics, clinical characteristics and OCT risk factors.
Results At month 36, 40 eyes (62.5%) developed disease recurrence (active CNV). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that final visual acuity (dependent variable) was associated with visual acuity at the first visit after complete resolution of exudation (p<0.0001), baseline size of patchy atrophy (p=0.010), baseline subfoveal choroidal thickness (p=0.008), baseline maximum CNV height and width (p=0.011 and p=0.003) and recurrence of CNV exudation (p=0.007). The following factors were associated with an increased risk of disease recurrence: size of patchy atrophy had an HR of 1.14 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.29; p=0.036); maximum CNV width had an HR of 1.02 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.04; p<0.0001).
Conclusion We identified OCT risk factors for the disease recurrence in eyes with successfully treated myopic CNV. Assuming that disease recurrence is a sight-threatening event, our findings may help in the identification of high-risk patients and eventually ameliorate their outcome.
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Contributors Study concept and design: EB, MB, GV, FB and GQ. Acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data; critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: all authors. Drafting of the manuscript and statistical analysis: EB. Study supervision: EB, FB and GQ.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests FB is a consultant for: Alcon (Fort Worth, Texas, USA), Alimera Sciences (Alpharetta, Georgia, USA), Allergan Inc (Irvine, California, USA), Farmila-Thea (Clermont-Ferrand, France), Bayer Shering-Pharma (Berlin, Germany), Bausch and Lomb (Rochester, New York, USA), Genentech (San Francisco, California, USA), Hoffmann-La-Roche (Basel, Switzerland), Novagali Pharma (Évry, France), Novartis (Basel, Switzerland), Sanofi-Aventis (Paris, France), Thrombogenics (Heverlee, Belgium), Zeiss (Dublin, USA). GQ is a consultant for: Alimera Sciences (Alpharetta, Georgia, USA), Allergan Inc (Irvine, California, USA), Amgen (Thousand Oaks, USA), Bayer Shering-Pharma (Berlin, Germany), Heidelberg (Germany), KBH (Chengdu, China), LEH Pharma (London, UK), Lumithera (Poulsbo; USA), Novartis (Basel, Switzerland), Sandoz (Berlin, Germany), Sifi (Catania, Italy), Sooft-Fidea (Abano, Italy), Zeiss (Dublin, USA).
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request. Data are available upon request to the corresponding author.
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