Purpose To study the role of two anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) systems in eyes with acute chemical injury.
Methods Prospective study in subjects with unilateral chemical injuries. Sequential slit-lamp assessment with spectral domain (SD) (AngioVue, Optovue, USA) and swept source (SS) (Plex Elite, Zeiss, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA) AS-OCTA was performed in both eyes within 24–48 hours of injury. Subjects were managed with a standard clinical protocol and followed-up for 3 months. We assessed limbal disruption (loss of normal limbal vessel architecture), limbal vessel density measurements and agreement (kappa coefficient, κ) between masked assessors of limbal disruption based on AS-OCTA scans and slit-lamp assessment.
Results Ten subjects with median age 31 (25–33) years, 20% women, 60% suffered alkali injuries (Roper-Hall grade 1.5±0.7, Dua grade 2.3±1.2) at presentation. Mean limbal vessel density was lower in quadrants of affected eyes compared with controls detected by SD AS-OCTA (9.4%±2.0% vs 15.5%±1.8%, p<0.001) and SS AS-OCTA (8.8%±2.5% vs 13.9%±1.3%, p=0.01). There was substantial agreement when assessing limbal disruption on AS-OCTA (κ=0.7) compared with slit-lamp evaluation (κ=0.4). Overall, we found good agreement between SD and SS AS-OCTA systems in assessing limbal vessel density in eyes with chemical injury at presentation (mean paired difference: −1.08, 95% CI −3.2 to 0.5; p=0.189).
Conclusions In this pilot study, AS-OCTA provided objective, non-contact, rapid assessment of limbal vasculature involvement in eyes with acute chemical injury. Further studies are required to establish the role of AS-OCTA in determining the prognosis of eyes with chemical injury.
- ocular surface
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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