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Prevalence, ethnic differences and risk factors of primary angle-closure glaucoma in a multiethnic Chinese adult population: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study
  1. Ying Wang1,
  2. Qing Cun2,
  3. Jun Li3,
  4. Wei Shen3,
  5. Wen-Yan Yang2,
  6. Yi-Jin Tao2,
  7. Zhi-Qiang Niu2,
  8. Ying Zhang2,
  9. Hua Zhong2,
  10. Chen-Wei Pan1
  1. 1School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China
  3. 3Department of Ophthalmology, The Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan University, Kunming, China
  1. Correspondence to Prof. Chen-Wei Pan, School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China; pcwonly{at}gmail.com; Prof. Hua Zhong, Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China; zhoculist{at}163.com

Abstract

Purpose To describe the prevalence and risk factors of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and to explore nationality difference in Chinese.

Methods The Yunnan Minority Eye Study was conducted in a rural multiethnic area in Yunnan province and included 6546 participants aged over 50 years. PACG was diagnosed based on International Society of Geographical and Epidemiologic Ophthalmology criteria by experienced ophthalmologists. Multivariate regression modelling was conducted to examine risk factors for PACG. Principal component analyis (PCA) was performed to evaluate the effects of ethnicity on PACG.

Results The overall prevalence of PACG was 0.7% (95% CIs: 0.5% to 0.9%). PCA indicated that ethnicity is significantly related to the presence of PACG (p<0.001) after controlling for other risk factors. In addition, higher PACG prevalence was also correlated with older age (60–69 years group (OR: 3.47; 95% CI: 1.11 to 10.84; p<0.05) and 70–79 years group (OR: 4.71; 95% CI: 1.40 to 15.86; p<0.05) as compared with 50–59 years group), higher intraocular pressures (OR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.36; p<0.001), shorter axial lengths (OR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.56; p<0.001) and thinner central corneal thicknesses (OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.81 to 0.99; p<0.05).

Conclusions This multiethnic study on Chinese adults living in the same geographical location indicated that ethnicity is a significant risk factor for PACG. However, there were still some of the effects of ethnic differences on the prevalence of PACG that could not be explained and further studies should take culture and lifestyle factors into account.

  • glaucoma
  • epidemiology

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Footnotes

  • YW and QC contributed equally.

  • Contributors Study conception and design: C-WP and HZ. Material preparation and data collection: QC, JL, WS, W-YY, Y-JT, Z-QN, YZ and HZ. Data analysis: YW. Drafting of the manuscript: YW and QC. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: C-WP. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. C-WP accepts full responsibility for the work and the conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish.

  • Funding This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81760170), Yunnan health training project of high level talents (L-2017004), Science and Technology Innovation Team of Ophthalmology of Kunming Medical University (CXTD201902), the Tang Scholar of Soochow University and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD) .

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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