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Quantitative and qualitative assessment of anterior segment optical coherence tomography capture of disease state in childhood anterior uveitis

Abstract

Background/aims Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) assessment of anterior chamber inflammation is an emerging tool. We describe the performance of AS-OCT in a paediatric population.

Methods A mixed-methods prospective study, using routine clinical assessment as reference standard, and AS-OCT, with Tomey CASIA2 or Heidelberg Spectralis HS1, as index test, with data collected on patient perceptions of imaging. Repeatability, diagnostic indices, responsiveness to clinical change and clinical correlations of imaging-based metrics (image cell count, size, density and brightness) were assessed, with construction of receiver operated characteristic curves. Exploratory thematic analysis of responses from families was undertaken.

Results A total of 90 children (180 eyes) underwent imaging. Bland Altman limits of agreement for CASIA2 repeatability ranged from +17 cells (95% CI 13.6 to 21.1) to −19 cells (95% CI −15.6 to −23.2) and HS1 from +1 (95% CI 0.9 to 1.2) to −1.0 (−1.2 to −0.8) cells. CASIA2 imaging had higher sensitivity of 0.92 (95% CI 0.78 to 0.97) vs HS1 imaging 0.17 (95% CI 0.07 to 0.34), with positive correlation between clinical grade and CASIA2 cell count (coefficient 12.8, p=0.02, 95% CI 2.2 to 23.4). Change in clinical grade at follow-up examinations correlated with change in image based ‘cell’ count (r2=0.79, p<0.001). Patients reported a potential positive impact of seeing their disease activity.

Conclusion Our findings suggest that OCT-based imaging holds the promise of deeper understanding of disease, improved patient experience and more granular monitoring of activity with resultant improved outcomes, but further work is needed to refine acquisition and analysis protocols.

  • Anterior chamber
  • diagnostic tests/investigation
  • imaging
  • inflammation
  • child health (paediatrics)

Data availability statement

Data are available on reasonable request. Aggregate data and data on protocols are available.

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