Purpose To determine the surgical outcomes using navigation-guided transcaruncular orbital optic canal decompression (NGTcOCD) and investigate the relationship between visual prognosis. visual evoked potential (VEP), association with DeLano type of optic canal and Onodi cells in patients with indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (TON).
Design Prospective observational.
Methods Fifty-two consecutive patients with indirect TON unresponsive to steroid therapy were divided into three groups where Group I comprised of cases with optic canal fracture who underwent NGTcOCD, Group II without optic canal fracture who underwent NGTcOCD and Group III, no-decompression group who chose not to undergo NGTcOCD. An improvement in visual acuity (VA) at 1 week, 3 months and 1 year and amplitude and latency of VEP at 1 year were considered as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively.
Results The mean VA improved from 2.55±0.67 and 2.62±0.56 LogMAR at presentation to 2.03±0.96 and 2.33±0.72 LogMAR at final follow-up among Group I and Group II patients, respectively (p<0.001 and p=0.01). Statistically significant improvement observed among both the Groups in VEP amplitude (p=<0.01) and among Group II in VEP latency (p<0.01). Both Group I and Group II patients have better outcomes than patients in no-decompression group. VA at presentation and Type 1 DeLano optic canal were observed as significant prognostic factors.
Conclusions NGTcOCD serves as a minimally invasive transcaruncular route to the optic canal which enables ophthalmologists to perform decompression from the anterior-most orbital end under direct visualisation. Patients with indirect TON with or without optic canal fracture and unresponsive to steroid therapy when managed with NGTcOCD have shown comparable and superior outcomes.
- Optic Nerve
Data availability statement
Data are available on reasonable request. Not Applicable.
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Contributors Conception and design: KB, HB. Data collection: KB, DS, VV, AMG, OR, PB. Patient management: KB, DS, VV, AMG, HB. Analysis and interpretation: KB, DS, VV, AMG, PB, HB. Drafting the work: KB, DS, VV, AMG. Revising it critically for important intellectual content: KB, HB. Final approval of the version to be published: KB, DS, VV, AMG, OR, PB, HB. Guarantor: KB.
Funding Sri Kanchi Sankara Health and Educational Foundation.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.