Table 4

Multivariate logistic regressions* on diabetic retinopathy in Cardiovascular Health Study

ModelCharacteristicOdds ratio (95% confidence interval)pValue
*All models include age, sex, fasting blood glucose, and duration of diabetes and the characteristic specified.
1Cardiovascular disease
    Subclinical only v none1.57 (0.99 to 4.17)0.03
    Coronary heart disease or stroke v none3.27 (1.21 to 8.84)
2Plasma LDL cholesterol per 10 mg/dl1.01 (1.00 to 1.02)0.01
3Gross proteinuria4.22 (1.50 to 11.86)0.01