Table 1

Magnitude of blindness in children age 0–15, estimated as a function of under 5 years mortality (1999)

RegionMortality for children under 5 years/1000 live birthsEstimated prevalence of blindness/1000CountriesEstimated population under 15 years (in millions)Estimated number of blind
North America30 and under0.3Canada, USA67.020 100
Central America30 and under0.3Costa Rica, Panama2.1630
31–940.6Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua44.726 820
South America30 and under0.3Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela38.711 610
31–940.6Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru62.837 680
Caribbean30 and under0.3Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Island, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St Kitts Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent, Trinidad Tobago, Virgin Islands5.11530
31–940.6Dominican Republic2.71620
Total0.45All countries226.1102 690